Child birth is indeed the most beautiful moment in a couple’s life. Not only the new born baby gives their life a new meaning and direction but also let them grow and evolve more and more as a human being. However, at the same time, it goes without saying that no matter how special it is to have a baby in one’s life, the entire process of having a child is very stressful, both mentally and physically. The hunch of new, massive responsibilities and the continuous physical straining often push the couples to the edge. Especially, in case of women, the chances of depression increase since they have to go through a great deal of biological, hormonal and mental changes. This is the reason why, some women suffer from the problem of postpartum depression.
Researches have shown that every woman suffers from a certain degree of postpartum depression during pregnancy, but as soon as they get their child they feel overwhelmed and their exhaustion takes the backseat. However with some women, the problem may get severe and long-lasting. This is when they have to check for the symptoms and seek medical attention. Let us now take a close look at the symptoms of the postpartum depression which help to diagnose it.
Symptoms for Postpartum Depression
Due to ongoing changes in health and the added burden of new child’s responsibilities, many women fall prey to postpartum depression.
This is the condition where women feel sick, low, exhausted and anxious, instead of being excited and joyful, after the delivery of their child. They actually go through severe mood swings and feel like crying most of the times. If the situation goes worse, they may also develop problem of lack of appetite and sleep. They feel disturbed all the time and keep losing interest and concentration in almost every other thing. The symptoms start to get visible soon after the delivery and may stretch up to a few days or even weeks. It is important to note down here that baby blues are a normal for any new mother since it is primarily caused by the hormonal changes that take place following birth and if they do not last long, there is probably nothing to worry about. In normal cases, the symptoms will fade out as the hormones level out. Little extra care and support of the loved ones with plenty of rest, is all that is required to treat baby blues. On the contrary, if they continue for more than three weeks, or lead to severe problems such as suicidal views or failure in taking care for your newborn, then medical assistance for postpartum depression should be taken.
Symptoms indicating sever extent of baby blues:
- Daily complains of fatigue
- Concern or over caring for the baby
- Lack of confidence in offering motherhood responsibilities
- Extreme mood swings
Long lasting symptoms of Postpartum Depression
Unlike baby blues, there are some symptoms of postpartum depression that may extend up to more than two weeks. Although they are not very hazardous, they do leave an adverse effect on mother’s health. Also, they may turn into something more intense, if left untreated or taken care of.
- Depressed state of mind
- Diminishing interest in routine life
- Difficulty in focusing or concentrating
- Instant loss or gain of weight
- Feelings of irrelevance
- Thoughts of attempts suicide
The symptoms of Postpartum Anxiety and Panic
Another set of symptoms that women suffering from postpartum depression exhibit are extreme levels of anxiety, panic attacks and obsessive-compulsion disorder. Although most women find it easy to deal with postpartum anxiety, many eel helpless and enter the vicious circle of obsessive –compulsion disorder and panic attacks. Dissimilar to baby blues, symptoms of postpartum anxiety and panic may last for much longer than 2 weeks.
Let us view these symptoms in more detail:
Anxiety disorder: During this stage, mothers tend feel worn out, tired and squeamish. They face troubles in sleeping and concentrating.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders: This is a stage where the patient starts performing repetitive actions or display repetitive behavior or thoughts causing anxiety and strain
Panic attacks: Symptoms of perspiration, nausea, shivering dizziness are experienced. Numbness in limbs and breathlessness may also be observed.
It is important to mention here that symptoms of long lasting postpartum depression and postpartum anxiety and panic depression do not dissolve on their own. The conditions need medical assistance along with proper love, care and support of friends and family.
Postpartum Psychotic Depression
This is not that normal. On average, it has been seen in one case out of a thousand postpartum mood disorders. The problem may show intense symptoms that can be health deteriorating and highly disturbing. These most common symptoms include:
- A number of hallucinations
- Continuously growing problem of disorganized speech
- Improper behavior
Generally, these symptoms last from a day to few weeks. Patient’s health starts going worse at both mental as well physical levels. If not treated in time, the symptoms may further be preceded to agitation and restlessness. If family or friends notice such symptoms in a mother, then immediate help from the doctor should be taken. The doctor will then check the patient for postpartum psychosis. Treatments for such severe conditions are available and known for their high success rate.
The postpartum depression is adverse health problem. Its symptoms may cause intense health and mental problems in a one’s life. Not only the patient but the entire family suffers with such disorders. It may also result in social behavioral problems, where mothers start behaving abruptly and exhibit improper actions. However, one who suffers the most due to this health condition o the mother is the new born baby, who needs mother’s affection, love and support the most during this age. Hence, the problem should immediately be taken care of with proper medical assistance and the much required support of the family and friends.